Monday, August 22, 2011

Krishna History or Myth?

4. Photos from Marine Excavations at Dwaraka

Relevant Links and Books:
National Institute of Oceanography
The Lost City of Dvaraka - By S.R. Rao

(S.R. Rao served the Archaeological Survey of India for over 32 years. He is the discoverer of a large number of Harappan sites including the port city of Lothal in Gujarat)     

Excavations At Dwaarka - By Zainuddin Dawood Ansari and Madhukar Shripad Mate.  

Did You Know?

Masters of the Sea

Despite recent concerns about possibly losing caste from crossing the sea, history reveals India was the foremost maritime nation 2,000 years ago (meanwhile Europeans were still figuring out the Mediterranean Sea).

India's maritime history predates the birth of western civilization. The world's first tidal dock is believed to have been built at Lothal around 2300 BC during the Harappan  civilization, near the present day Mangrol harbour on the Gujarat coast. 

It had colonies in Cambodia, Java, Bali, Philippines, Sumatra, Japan, China, Arabia, Egypt and more. Through Persians and Arabs, India traded with the Roman Empire. The Sanskrit text, Yukti Kalpa Taru, explains how to build ships, such as the one depicted in the ajanta caves. It gives minute details about ship types, sizes and materials, including suitability of different types of wood. The treatise also elaborately explains how to decorate and furnish ships so they're comfortable for passengers. 

In ancient times the Indians excelled in shipbuilding and even the English, who were attentive to everything which related to naval architecture, found early Indian models worth copying. The Indian vessels united elegance and utility, and were models of fine workmanship.

Sir John Malcolm (1769 - 1833) was a Scottish soldier, statesman, and historian entered the service of the East India Company wrote about Indian vessels that they:

"Indian vessels "are so admirably adapted to the purpose for which they are required that, not withstanding their superior science, Europeans were unable, during an intercourse with India for two centuries, to suggest or at least to bring into successful practice one improvement. " 

(source: Journal of Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. I and India and World Civilization - By D P Singhal  part II p. 76 - 77).


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